Differentiate between soap and detergent

Answer

(a) Soaps :
  1. Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain carboxylic acids.
  2. Soaps have lesser cleansing action or quality as compared to detergents.
  3. Soaps are made from animal or plant fats.
  4. Soaps are more biodegradable.
    Detergents :
  5. Detergents are ammonium or solphonate salts of long chain carboxylic acids.
  6. Detergents have better cleansing action as compared to soaps.
  7. Detergents are made from petrochemicals. Detergents are less biodegradable.

(b) Hard water :

Hard Water contains ions of calcium and magnesium which react with soap molecules to form insoluble precipitates called soap scum.

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